Nuclear Power provides approximately 13-14% of electricity worldwide, with 437 operational nuclear power reactors in 31 countries. Nuclear energy is a highly debated topic worldwide. It has been received with different attitudes in different countries. Some countries see it as the most efficient solution to global climate change by reducing carbon emissions. But in other nations, nuclear power faces stagnation and decline. The Fukushima Daiichi accident resulted in major upheaval in nuclear policy worldwide, with Germany deciding to phase out their nuclear power plants. However, others still believe that the nuclear option should still be retained and see nuclear power as a safe sustainable energy source.
The shifting international consensus on the appropriate uses of nuclear energy has made the future of nuclear energy uncertain. Apart from safety concerns, there are also issues like the potential for weapons proliferation that have to be considered by the member states while making decisions regarding the future of nuclear energy in their respective countries.
The IAEA is the world's center of cooperation in the nuclear field. It was set up in 1957 as the world's "Atoms for Peace" organization within the United Nations family. The Agency works with its Member States and multiple partners worldwide to promote safe, secure and peaceful nuclear technologies. This makes the IAEA the primary organ for the international community to influence the field of nuclear energy.
With more than 180 signatories, the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty (NPT) is one of the broadest arms control treaties. It was signed in 1968 in the wake of the Cold War between the Soviet Union and the US. It has three important purposes:
The IAEA is in charge of determining whether a signatory to the NPT is using nuclear energy peacefully or not. You will be meeting to discuss what the NPT has accomplished and whether anything should be done to make it more effective. Questions that you’ll need to consider include: